Prateek Sharma • September 8, 2022

Introduction to Color Theory

At Grandworks we have started a weekly Friday session called Friyayy Evening where anyone can share thoughts and present their knowledge in front of the other team members so everyone can make the most of it. So this week I, Prateek took a session on Color Theory where I explained about colors and their use, like for example, how can we choose colors for our projects? How we can make a good color pallet? So here I am just briefing some key points of the session.

Primary colors are sets of colors that can be combined to make a useful range of colors. The primary colors are those which cannot be created by mixing other colors in a given color space.

Red-Yellow-Blue

Secondary colors are colors made from two primary colors. In RGB, the secondary colors are orange, mixed from red and yellow, green, mixed from yellow and blue, and purple, mixed from red and blue.

Orange-Green-Violet

Tertiary colors is the combination of primary and secondary colors is known as tertiary or intermediate colors, due to their compound nature. Blue-green, blue-violet, red-orange, red-violet, yellow-orange, and yellow-green are color combinations you can create from color mixing.

RedOrange-YellowOrange-YellowGreen-BlueGreen-BlueViolet-RedViolet

Monochromatic color schemes are derived from a single base hue and extended using its shades, tones and tints. Tints are achieved by adding white, and shades and tones are achieved by adding a darker color, grey or black.

Analogous colors, specifically, the group of three colors that are next to each other on the wheel, and a tertiary. Red, orange, and red-orange are examples. We worry that such a scheme is “old fogey stylized,” but some experts believe that it’s the more supportive scheme.

Ex.: Red-RedOrange-Orange

Complementary colors are colors which, when mixed or combined, cancel each other out (lose hue) to create a grayscale color. When used next to each other, the shade of the colored objects can produce the strongest contrast. They may also be called “opposite colors”.

Ex.: Red-Green

Split complementary colors are pretty much what the name implies. You take two colors opposite each other on the color wheel, like red and green, and split one of them into its two adjacent colors on the wheel.

Ex.: Red-BlueGreen-YellowGreen

Triadic colors scheme is comprised of three colors evenly spaced on the color wheel. The two most basic triadic palettes are the primary colors red, blue, and yellow, and the secondary hues orange, purple, and green.

Ex.: Violet-Orange-Green

Tetradic color or four-colored schemes are always loud and fun; great ways to create designs or expressions that “rock the house.” Be mindful, however, that these combinations can overpower the viewer’s eye and create an unstable and jarring visual effect.

Ex.: Violet-Orange-Yellow-Blue

Conclusion: In this blog, I have described different types of color patterns which we can use in our projects. There is a very easy way to make your own color pallet with different combinations.

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